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City Based Climate Change Action Plans

Categorized according to continent and in alphabetical order of countries :

Asia and the Pacific


Australian Capital Territory

Weathering the Change: The ACT Climate Change Strategy 2007-2025

The ACT Climate Change Strategy has a target of a GHG reduction by 60% of 2000 emission levels by 2050 and presented action plan 2007 – 2011 as a first step to meet the target.
Action Plan 2007 - 2011 Progress Report:


Go Green With Energy Adelaide City Council Carbon Neutral Council Action Plan 2008–2012

Adelaide City Council aims to reduce its operations' carbon emissions by 60% of its 1994 levels until 2012.

Link to document

Brisbane, Queensland

Brisbane’s Plan for Action on Climate Change and Energy 2007

A plan of 31 actions has been put forward to help Brisbane, among others, better its natural resource management and the sustainability of transport. General aims of reducing the carbon intensity of electricity generation and developing a CitySmart Regional Carbon Sink carbon trading arrangement are expressed.

Darebin, Victoria

Darebin City Council: Climate Change Action Plan

The Darebin City Council’s Climate Change Action Plan has set 20% GHG emission reduction targets in corporation emissions and community emissions on 1995 levels by 2010.

Melbourne, Victoria

Zero Net Emissions by 2020

The city of Melbourne developed in 2002 a strategy for reaching zero net GHG of the municipality by 2020 through policies targeting buildings design, power supply and carbon sequestration. Renewable energy is to be promoted so that it satisfies 45% of projected demand by 2020, and to achieve a 50% reduction in emissions from non-renewable resources. The "Greenhouse Action Plan 2006-2010" has set interim targets to reduce city’s emission by 50 percent by 2010 from 2006 (from 1996 - 1997 levels).

Zero Net Emissions Strategy:
Greenhouse Action Plan 2006-2010:

City of Sydney, New South Wales

Sustainable Sydney 2030 Vision

The city's direct climate change mitigation target is to reduce GHGs emissions by 50% until 2030 and by 70% until 2050 off 1990 levels. Other goals include 100% local energy generation.

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Hong Kong

Green Hong Kong • Carbon Audit

Hong Kong targets a reduction in energy intensity of at least 25% by 2030 (with 2005 as the base year). Since buildings account for about 89% of the electricity consumed in Hong Kong, the Carbon Audit guidelines focus on accounting and reporting of GHG emissions from buildings of commercial, residential or institutional purpose.

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The Eco-Model City Project and Future Directions

13 cities were chosen as eco-model cities and carbon emissions' reduction targets were set for each of them.
JETRO Profiles of Eco-Model Cities:


Tokyo Climate Change Strategy - A Basic Policy for the 10-Year Project for a Carbon-Minus Tokyo

Tokyo’s Climate Change Strategy aims to reduce 25% of GHG emissions from 2000 levels by 2020.
Tokyo Cap-and-Trade:
Climate Change Action:


Yokohama Climate Action Plan

Yokohama aims to reduce its GHGs emissions per person by 30% until 2025 and by 60% by 2050. Among the measures to be taken, usage of renewable energy should increase tenfold.

Road Map:

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The city's plan is to reduce carbon emissions by 40% until 2030 and ensure 20% of the energy demand from renewable sources.

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New Zealand

Nelson City

Nelson City Council’s Communities for Climate Protection Programme: Local Action Plan

Nelson City Council’s draft local action plan set a medium term target of stabilising GHG emissions from corporate sector to that of 2004 and from community to that of 2001 by 2012. In the long term, the action plan has set target to reduce 40% GHG emissions from corporate sector from the base year 2004 and 40% from community from the base year 2001 by 2020.

Wellington City

Wellington City Council Climate Change Action Plan: Creating a Carbon Neutral Council and Community

Wellington City Council 2010 Climate Change Action Plan sets the base year as 2001 and targets a 30% reduction in emissions by 2020. A fact worth of notice about Wellington's emissions is that 96% come from energy consumption.

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Singapore’s National Climate Change Strategy

Singapore’s National Climate Change Strategy has not set any target for the GHG reduction, but has put forward following measures to reduce GHG: a) Increasing energy efficiency; b) Using less carbon-intensive fuels; and c) Increasing carbon ‘sinks’ such as forests.

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Bangkok Metropolitan Administration: Action Plan on Global Warming Mitigation 2007 – 2012

GHG emissions in Bangkok is expected grow from 42.65 million tons CO2 equivalent per year now, to as high as 48.69 million tons CO2 equivalent by the year 2012. The Bangkok Metropolitan Administration’s Action Plan on Global Warming Mitigation 2007 – 2012 aims to reduce future GHG emission by at least 15%. These actions, if implement properly, would yield total net GHG emissions in the year 2012 of 38.94 million tons CO2 equivalent, approximately 20% below BAU projections and better than Bangkok Metropolitan Administration’s targets prior to the development of this Action Plan.

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North America



Calgary Climate Change Action Plan

Calgary Climate Change Action Plan of Calgary has set emission reduction targets are set at two long-term intervals: 1) 20 percent below the 2005 level by 2020; and 2) 50 per cent below the 2005 level by 2050.

Hamilton City

Hamilton: Air Quality and Climate Change Corporate Strategic Plan

Hamilton has set out specific goals related to air quality and climate change as part of vision 2020 which includes 20 percent reduction in GHG emissions of 1994 levels in municipal operations and six percent of 1994 levels City-wide by 2020.


Air Quality and Climate Change Management Plan for the City of Ottawa

Air Quality and Climate Change Management Plan for the City of Ottawa has proposed for a 20% reduction in GHG emissions, relative to 1990 levels by 2012.


Québec and Climate Change – A Challenge for the Future

The 2006-2012 Action Plan aims to reduce Québec’s GHG emissions by 10 Mt of CO2-equivalent, i.e. 1.5% under the 1990 level.


Climate Change, Clean Air and Sustainable Energy Action Plan: Moving from Framework to Action (Phase 1)

Toronto’s reduction targets for GHG emissions, from the 1990 levels of approximately 22 million tonnes per year for the Toronto urban area, are: a) 6% by 2012; b) 30% by 2020; and c) 80% by 2050.


The Cool Vancouver Task Force’s Community Climate Change Action Plan: Creating Opportunities

The Community Climate Change Action Plan for Vancouver has an emissions reduction target of six percent below 1990 levels by 2012 to reflect Canada’s commitments under the Kyoto Protocol.

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Albuquerque, New Mexico

City of Albuquerque Climate Action Plan

The city of Albuquerque chose as its baseline the GHGs emissions inventory for 2000, and has a mid-term goal (for 2012) of 27.5% reduction, and, long-term (2050) goal of 80% reduction. Significant increases in the use of renewable energy (from 1% to 70% of the energy resources portfolio), or stricter standards for energy efficiency in new residential areas are some of the wide range of activities the city action plan proposes to achieve its targets.

Alexandria, Virginia

Environmental Action Plan 2030

The city of Alexandria proposes that by 2030 all new buildings within its boundary will be required to achieve carbon neutrality. Measures to be taken by 2020 or 2025 and having co-benefits for carbon emissions reductions target energy use efficiency in existing buildings and achieving progressively higher levels of the LEED standard.

Arlington, Texas

Greenhouse Gases Emissions Inventory

The city has compiled an emissions’ inventory, for the year 2005, as the preliminary step towards adopting a reduction target and developing local climate action plan. Other environmental practices adopted or proposed by the council are detailed in a separate document.

Atlanta, Georgia

Mayor Kasim Reed’s City of Atlanta Sustainability Plan

The plan sets targets for the city’s reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from areas within its jurisdiction of 25% by 2020, 40% by 2030 and 80% by 2050. Actions to be taken partially relate to energy use efficiency or implementation of renewable energy.

Austin, Texas

Climate Protection Plan

The City of Austin facilities, fleets and operations are to become totally carbon neutral by 2020. The city has two lines of actions: targeting the city department GHGs emissions and targeting the local community GHGs emissions. The local energy efficiency actions and renewable energy actions play a significant part in these efforts: 30 percent of all energy needs will be covered by the use of renewable resources by 2020.

Austin’s Sustainability Actions website:

2007 Resolution:


2011 Report:

2010 Report:

2009 Report:

2008 Report:

Bellingham, Washington

City Of Bellingham: Greenhouse Gas Inventory and Climate Protection Action Plan

The City of Bellingham action plan recommends reducing 64% GHG emission from 2000 levels by 2012 and 70% by 2020 for city government and reducing 7% from 2000 levels by 2012 and 28% from 2000 levels by 2020 for the community.

Baltimore, Maryland

The Baltimore Sustainability Plan

The Baltimore plan was adopted in 2009 and does not addresses specific targets of carbon emission reductions. Increasing sustainability translates into actions connected to cleanliness, pollution prevention, resource conservation, greening, transportation, education and awareness, and green economy.

Berkeley, California

City of Berkeley Resource Conservation and Global Warming Abatement Plan

Climate Action Plan

Adopted in June 2009, the "Climate Action Plan" presents targets of 80% reduction in CO2e emissions below 2000 levels by 2050. The interim target is set for 2020 as a 33% absolute reduction below 2000 community-wide emissions levels. Actions include achieving zero net energy consumption in new and old buildings, more efficient public and personal transport.

Full Plan:
Executive Summary:
Plan Progress Report 2011:

Boston, Massachusetts

A Climate of Progress - Boston Climate Action Plan Update 2011

From its first climate action plan in 2007, the city of Boston has built on the recommendations of the Boston Climate Action Leadership Committee and Community Advisory Committee, in the ‘’Sparking Boston’s Climate Revolution’’ report. The 2011 update reports on actions to achieve mitigation and adaption goals. The set target of Boston is to reduce GHGs emissions by 7% from 1990 levels until 2012 and by 50% until 2050.

A Climate of Progress Report:
Sparking Boston’s Climate Revolution Report:
Mitigation Calculations (Excel Sheet):

Boulder, Colorado

The Climate Action Plan

The target is to reduce community greenhouse gas emissions to 7% below 1990 levels by 2012. The target represents approximately a 24% reduction in emissions between 2005 and 2012. The plan includes baseline data and emissions reduction strategies for all sectors - commercial, industrial, residential, transportation, and solid waste. It also addresses city operations, water conservation and urban forestry. Three primary strategies exist for reducing emissions: increase of energy efficiency; switch to renewable energy and vehicle fuels; and reduction of vehicle miles travelled.

Charleston, South Carolina

Green Plan, A roadmap to sustainability

The carbon emissions reductions aim is 30% less than the 2002 baseline by 2030 and 83% before 2050. The plan proposes to have all new buildings and renovated existing buildings carbon neutral by the target year. The specific targets are: 60% in 2010, 70% in 2015, 80% in 2020, 90% in 2025. The city also aims to replace 30% of the total community energy usage with renewable energy and take action on waste reduction, transport efficiency and others.

Chicago, Illinois

Chicago Climate Action Plan

The city of Chicago has set its target to reduce GHG emissions at 80% from 1990 levels until 2050 with the intermediary goal of 25% reductions of 1990 levels by 2020. It proposes to do so through a number of mitigation actions including improvement of buildings energy efficiency and increased renewable energy capacity.

Houston, Texas

Houston Emission Reduction Plan

A city with a broad industrial base aims at a 28% reduction in its GHG emissions compared to its BAU scenario for the year of 2010.

Los Angeles, California

Green LA: Mayor's Action Plan to Lead the Nation in Fighting Global Warming

Green LA has target to reduce the City of Los Angeles' GHG emissions by 35% below 1990 levels by 2030 and to supply energy from renewable sources in proportion of 35% by 2020.

New York, New Yok


New York City's GHG discharges are in proportion of 55% displaced and 45% local. The Climate Change mitigation plan of the PLANYC targets a 30% emission reduction of GHGs from NY's 2007 baseline by 2030. Additionally, 10% of the city's annual energy bill is committed to investment in energy-saving initiatives. In order to also meet the increasing energy demands, the plan mentions the facilitation of repowering and construction of new clean power plants and dedicated transmission lines up to a capacity of 3400 MW.

Portland, Oregon

Climate Action Plan 2009

The city already achieved emissions of carbon dioxide under 1990 levels by one percent in 2008. It now wants to achieve emission reductions of 80% below the 1990 levels by 2050, with an interim goal of 40% by 2030.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Local Action Plan

Philadelphia intends to achieve a 20% reduction in GHG emissions by 2015 (1990 baseline).

Salt Lake City, Utah

Climate Change Action Planning

In 2008 a joint resolution committing the City to a reduction of its carbon footprint to 20% below the 2005 level by 2020; 50% below the 2005 level by 2040; and, 80% below the 2005 level by 2050. Measures to reduce CO2 emissions include implementing energy conservation measures, employing energy efficiency technologies, and using alternative energy sources.

San Francisco, California

Climate Action Plan

Annually, the city usually emits 9.7 million tons of CO2 emissions per year. After the Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Resolution resolution from 2002, the city committed itself to a greenhouse gas emissions reductions goal of 20% below 1990 levels by the year 2012.

Seattle, Washington

Seattle, a Climate of Change: Meeting the Kyoto Challenge: Climate Action Plan

Seattle’s Climate Action Plan aims at meeting or beating the Kyoto target: a 7 percent reduction by 2012 compared to 1990 levels, which means reducing GHG emissions about 680,000 tons.

Worcester, Massachussetts

City of Worcester, Massachusetts: Climate Action Plan

City of Worcester’s Climate Action Plan has a target to reduce 11% GHG emission reduction below 2002 levels by 2010. However, further measures proposed in the plan can lead to a municipal GHG reduction of approximately 43%.

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Mexico City

Climate Action Program 2008 - 2012

By 2012 Mexico City aims to reduce its annual GHG emissions with 12%. Around 88% of these emissions are attributed to energy consumption in the form of fossil fuels and electricity used in transportation, industry, trade, housing, or services. In this context, the local government identified as a major potential source of GHG emissions cuts the improvement of the transportation network and of the housing lighting efficiency. The total CO2 equivalent emissions reduction aimed for during the five years period is of seven million tons.

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South America


Sao Paolo

Municipal Act on Climate Change

The overall goal is to reduce human-induced emissions by 30% until 2012 (compared with levels observed in the city's inventory), through sectoral action mainly addressing transportation, energy production and waste management.



Climate Change General Action Plan

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South Africa

Cape Town

Cape Town Energy and Climate Change Strategy

The Cape Town Energy and Climate Change Strategy does not have target for GHG emissions but has committed renewable energy targets such as 10% renewable energy supply by 2020, and 10% of households with solar water heaters by 2010.

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The city aims to reduce its emissions by 20% off 2005 levels by 2015, meaning a reduction from 2.5 million tonnes of carbon dioxide to 2 million tonnes.



A public-private initiative to fully eliminate CO2 emissions from the region by 2029. The strategy includes steps to cut down the domestic electricity consumption by half and the CO2-emissions by 75% before 2020 through the use of intelligent energy consumption management and conversion of energy production to sustainable sources.

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Paris Climate Plan

With 2004 as the baseline year, Paris plans to cut emissions of GHGs by 75% until 2050 and by 30% by 2020. Also, it aims to cut down on energy consumption of municipal offices and public lighting and increase the renewable energy capacity by the same percentage.

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Rome Climate Change Master Plan

To achieve the 20-20-20 target enacted by the European Parliament in 2007 and then to achieve further reductions by 2030 as suggested by the transition to the Third Industrial Revolution, Rome will need to reduce its emissions by nearly 46 percent by 2030 (compared to 2008 levels).

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The Netherlands


New Amsterdam Climate

Through this plan the city wants to achieve 40% CO2 emissions reductions by 2025, using 1990 level as a baseline. It plans to partially use wind turbines for clean energy production and, among others, to use carbon capture and storage technology for reducing its carbon-print.

Amsterdam: A Different Energy - 2040 Energy Strategy

Coordinated with the climate action plan, the city of Amsterdam also put forward an energy strategy. It outlines actions up to 2040 sectioned according to year and target: buildings, clean transport, port and industry or sustainable energy. For example the city aims to build only climate-neutral buildings from 2015 or to reach, until 2040, 60% - 90% power supply from green electricity generated by windmills, solar panels and biomass power stations for all the kilometres travelled by car.


Rotterdam Climate City: Mitigation Action Programme 2010

Rotterdam currently accounts for approximately 16% of Dutch CO2 emissions and the city has a target to reduce CO2 emissions by 50% until 2025 (off 1990 levels), and by the same year become fully climate change resilient as well. City actions will target energy conservation, energy exchange and greenification of energy.

Rotterdam Climate City: Mitigation Action Programme 2010:
Rotterdam Climate Initiative: The New Rotterdam:

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City of Madrid Plan for Efficient Use of Energy and Climate Change Prevention

By the year 2020 Madrid wants to achieve a 20% reduction in GHG emissions, 20% build up of the renewable energy capacity, and a reduction in fossil fuel use of the same percentage (from a 2004 baseline).

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Environmental Programme 2009 - 2020

By 2020, the city of Malmo aims to be climate neutral and by 2030 to run entirely on renewable energy. Solar, wind, water and biogas sources will replace fossil fuel energy. Energy efficiency per person is targeted to rise by 20% until 2020 and another 20% by 2030 (compared with 2001 - 2005 levels), while GHG emissions are to be slashed by 40% of 1990 levels. Transport and climate change issues are also addressed in the Programme.

Environmental Programme:


Stockholm's Action Programme on Climate Change

The City’s long-term goal is to be fossil fuel-free by 2050, and the City has now established the GHGs reduction target to 3 tonnes per resident by 2015. So far, the city has had two action programmes against greenhouse gases, throughout the 1995 - 2000 and 2000 - 2005 periods, and has reached its goals on both occasions. On February 23rd 2009, Stockholm was awarded the title of European Green Capital for 2010.

Action Plan for Climate and Energy:

The City of Stockholm's Climate Initiatives:

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United Kingdom

Brighton & Hove

Climate Change Action Plan for Brighton & Hove

Climate Change Action Plan for Brighton & Hove has taken a target to reduce carbon emissions by 3.5% each year.


Climate Change Strategy for Coventry

Draft Climate Change Strategy for Coventry included a headline target for the city to reduce CO2 emissions by 67% by the year 2050, using 2003 as baseline year. The final version of 2008 has a target of 70% reductions between 2003 and 2050, with an interim reduction of 40% by 2025 (from 2003 levels.


Exeter Climate Change Strategy

Exeter Climate Change Strategy aims towards reducing Exeter’s CO2 emissions by 30% by 2020 (184 kilotonnes per annum) from the 1990 baseline.

Gloucester City

Gloucester City: Climate Change Strategy

Gloucester City: Climate Change Strategy (July 2007 to 2010) has been prepared according to meet the target set by South West Regional Planning Guidance; i.e. 20% reduction of CO2 emissions by 2010 and production of at least 11% of electricity from renewable energy sources by 2010.


City of Leicester: Climate Change Strategy

City of Leicester: climate change strategy adopted a target of 50% reduction on 1990 levels of CO2 emissions by 2025.


City Of Lincoln Climate Change Strategy: Phase 1

The Phase 1 of City of Lincoln Climate Change Strategy has not set any target for GHG reduction.


Action Today to Protect Tomorrow: The Mayor’s Climate Change Action Plan

In the 2004 Energy Strategy, the Mayor adopted for London the government’s national targets to reduce carbon emissions by 60 per cent by 2050 from 1990 levels. Furthermore, the Mayor’s 2006 draft ‘Further Alterations to the London Plan’ set out the following interim targets: a) 15 percent reduction from 1990 levels by 2010; b) 20 percent reduction from 1990 levels by 2015; c) 25 percent reduction from 1990 levels by 2020; and d) 30 per cent reduction from 1990 levels by 2025.

But, to prevent catastrophic climate change, the Mayor’s revised target for London is to stabilise CO2 emissions in 2025 at 60 percent below 1990 levels, with steady progress towards this over the next 20 years.

Low Carbon Zones Areas in London are targeted for a 20.12% reduction in carbon by 2012, and helping towards the Mayor’s target of a 60% cut in CO2 emissions by 2025 (unknown baseline).


Manchester. A Certain Future.

Manchester City has both an action plan for CO2 reduction and an energy strategy. The CO2 mitigation action plan sets headline one decade, to 2020, but expectations are to continue actions towards a 2050 target.

The target for carbon emissions reduction is of 41% by 2020, from 2005 levels. This is the equivalent of a reduction from about 3.2 million tonnes per annum (2009 levels) to less than two million, or a reduction in per capita emissions from 7.3 tonnes to 4.3 tonnes per head.

Manchester’s Energy Strategy for 2005 – 2010 has a notable target of energy efficiency improvement by 30% (cf 1995 levels) until 2010 in Manchester housing sector.

Manchester. A Certain Future.:
Manchester Energy Strategy 2005 - 2010


Oxford Climate Change Action Plan

Oxford Climate Change Action Plan has overall aim to achieve CO2 emission reductions above 60% by 2050 over the 2005 baseline emissions. This long term target is accompanied with the intermediate goals: a) 15% reduction in CO2 emissions by 2010; b) 20% reduction in CO2 emissions by 2015; c) 30% reduction in CO2 emissions by 2020 and 40% reduction in CO2 emissions by 2030.


A Climate Change Strategy for Peterborough

A Climate Change Strategy for Peterborough aims to reduce CO2 emissions by 20% by 2011 from the 2003 emission level.


Local Authority Carbon Management Programme: Plymouth City Council’s Strategy and Implementation Plan (SIP)

City of Plymouth aims to reduce annual carbon footprint to 20% of the baseline by 2013 with the assistance of a proactively managed, corporate Carbon Reduction Plan.

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Last Update: 24 May 2012

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